The taxes would be implemented on goods that harm the human body – for example, fast food, tobacco products, and soft drinks. The same study published that Qatar Investment Authority (QIA), with assets of $115bn, was ranked 12th among the richest sovereign wealth funds in the world. ", "New Hope for Democracy in a Dynastic Land", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)", "Qatar: Migrant Construction Workers Face Abuse", World Cup Host Qatar Ranked Among Worst Places to Work by Unions, "Doing Business in Qatar: 2012 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies", "New Qatar emir shakes up sovereign wealth fund", "Qatar Holding LLC Among Investors in BlackBerrys $1 Billion Convertible Debt", "Qatar fund quietly builds $1bn Bank of America stake", "Qatar: what's next for the world's most aggressive deal hunter? The Dawhat Salwa Bay is along the western coastline of Qatar. [177] They also helped the Libyan rebels during the 2011 Battle of Tripoli. [199] Human rights activists praised Qatar's decision. [39][43], In 224 AD, the Sasanian Empire gained control over the territories surrounding the Persian Gulf. [299], On 3 September 2020, the Education City Stadium, hosted its first match ever official match, where the local clubs Al Sadd SC and Al Kharaitiyat SC contested the season-opener of 2020-21 Qatar Stars League. [24], Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status. [313] Furthermore, the government has launched educational outreach programs, such as Al-Bairaq. This positioning tells us that Qatar is located above the equator. [300], Qatar hired the RAND Corporation to reform its K–12 education system. It has been reported that journalists practice self-censorship, particularly in regards to the government and ruling family of Qatar. What's Going On? [274] Criticism of the government, Emir and ruling family in the media is illegal. [52], Effendi's troops came under heavy gunfire by a sizable troop of Qatari infantry and cavalry shortly after arriving at Al Wajbah. State of Qatar", "Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries : 2019 report", "Qatar to use biofuels? [129][130] In December 2011, however, Pearl restaurants were told to stop selling alcohol. The rollout of these initial taxes is believed to be due to the fall in oil prices and a deficit that the country faced in 2016. [222], In 2012, Qatar retained its title of richest country in the world (according to per capita income) for the third time in a row, having first overtaken Luxembourg in 2010. Qatari Sign Language is the language of the deaf community. The country is situated on a peninsula that extends from the Arabian Peninsula approximately 160 km (99 mi) north into the Persian (Arab) Gulf, it is bordered by Saudi Arabia.Qatar shares maritime borders with Bahrain, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates. Qatar plays an active role in the collective defense efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, and Oman. ", "AUB academics awarded $850,000 grant for project on the Syriac writers of Qatar in the 7th century AD", "Amiri Diwan – Shaikh Abdullah Bin Jassim Al Thani", "New Qatari emir Sheikh Tamim 'set to announce reshuffle, "Qatar : "S'ils pouvaient, ils achèteraient la Tour Eiffel", "Last respects paid to teacher killed by bomb", "Qatar bankrolls Syrian revolt with cash and arms", "Why closing the Taliban's Qatar office would be an erro", "In Surprise, Emir of Qatar Plans to Abdicate, Handing Power to Son", Saudi-led coalition strikes rebels in Yemen, inflaming tensions in region, "Saudi Arabia and Bahrain break diplomatic ties with Qatar over 'terrorism, "BBC NEWS – Middle East – How democratic is the Middle East? In addition, two Canadian institutions, the College of the North Atlantic (headquarters in Newfoundland and Labrador) and the University of Calgary, have inaugurated campuses in Doha. After epic collapse, French player rips virus protocols. [201], For statistical purposes, the municipalities are further subdivided into 98 zones (as of 2015[update]),[202] which are in turn subdivided into blocks.[203]. [184] As a result, sponsors may restrict workers' movements and workers may be afraid to report abuses or claim their rights. led the Muslim conquest of Persia which resulted in the fall of the Sasanian Empire. It is part of the Arabian Peninsula. [267] The Qatari cultural sector is being developed to enable the country to reach world recognition to contribute to the development of a country that comes mainly from its resources from the gas industry. For other places, see, Country on the west coast of the Persian Gulf, Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the, Independence and aftermath (1971–present), Toth, Anthony. [311][312] As part of its national development strategy, Qatar has outlined a 10-year strategic plan to improve the level of education. For your convenience, the map below shows the location of Qatar highlighted on a larger map. [20] In terms of income, the country has the third-highest GDP (PPP) per capita in the world,[21] and the sixth-highest GNI per capita (Atlas method). New Qatar National Museum…a journey in a world of fantasy! Every February, riders are racing on the roads across Qatar's flat land for six days. In May 2014 DLA Piper released over 60 recommendations for reforming the kafala system including the abolition of exit visas and the introduction of a minimum wage which Qatar has pledged to implement. [39] Al Da'asa, a settlement located on the western coast of Qatar, is the most important Ubaid site in the country and is believed to have accommodated a small seasonal encampment. They retreated to Shebaka fortress, where they were again forced to draw back from a Qatari incursion. It has a population of 956,460 (2015). In March, Mehmed imprisoned Jassim's brother and 13 prominent Qatari tribal leaders on the Ottoman corvette Merrikh as punishment for his insubordination. [166], In June 2017, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, Egypt and Yemen broke diplomatic ties with Qatar, accusing Qatar of supporting terrorism,[167] escalating a dispute over Qatar's support of the Muslim Brotherhood, considered a terrorist organization by those five Arab nations. [53] In the 8th century, it started benefiting from its commercially strategic position in the Persian Gulf and went on to become a centre of pearl trading. [45] Under the Sasanid reign, many of the inhabitants in Eastern Arabia were introduced to Christianity following the eastward dispersal of the religion by Mesopotamian Christians. [266] The QMA also sponsors artistic events abroad, such as major exhibitions by Takahashi Murakami in Versailles (2010) and Damien Hirst in London (2012). Press media has undergone expansion in recent years. The increased influence of Qatar and its role during the Arab Spring, especially during the Bahraini uprising in 2011, worsened longstanding tensions with Saudi Arabia, the neighboring United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Bahrain. [189] Qatar also does not maintain wage standards for its immigrant labourers. [213] The discovery transformed the state's economy. [296], Khalifa International Tennis and Squash Complex in Doha hosted the WTA Tour Championships in women's tennis between 2008 and 2010. The airport, too, is expanding capacity to keep up with rising visitor numbers. [52], Qatar was described as a famous horse and camel breeding centre during the Umayyad period. [286][287] In May 2014, Qatari football official Mohammed bin Hammam was accused of making payments totalling £3m to officials in return for their support for the Qatar bid. This page contains comprehensive information about Doha, including: the map where Doha is located, it’s geographical coordinates, places where banks and ATMs, offices, schools, hospitals, museums, markets, monuments, salons, central park, metro station (if they are), reviews, and more. The country borders on Saudi Arabia in the south and thus even on the Arabian Peninsula. [131][132] Qatari officials have also indicated a willingness to allow alcohol in "fan zones" at the 2022 FIFA World Cup. None of its 2 million residents live below the poverty line and less than 1% are unemployed.[231]. Additionally, the country has seen job cuts in 2016 from its petroleum companies and other sectors in the government. [295] Further, in 2014, Qatar won the world championship in men's 3x3 basketball. The country has not accepted compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction. [108] The Emir has the exclusive power to appoint and remove the prime minister and cabinet ministers who, together, constitute the Council of Ministers, which is the supreme executive authority in the country. [143] According to leaked documents published in The New York Times, Qatar's record of counter-terrorism efforts was the "worst in the region". [164] In more recent times, Qatar has hosted peace talks between rival factions across the globe. If you are interested in Qatar and the geography of Asia our large laminated map of Asia might be just what you need. Chinese porcelain, West African coins and artefacts from Thailand have been discovered in Qatar. They won all seven of their matches, conceding only a single goal throughout the tournament. Its population stood at 1.8 million in 2012. The larger, diurnal species, like the Arabian oryx, gazelle and ibex, have been hunted down to extinction. Officer charged in shooting of Black man at Walmart Senate hearing has the answer", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Qatar, "US State Dept's Country Political Profile – Qatar", "Qatar shows how to manage a modern monarchy", "Population of Qatar by nationality – 2017 report", "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) | Data", "GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) | Data", "2019 Human Development Index Ranking | Human Development Reports", "Indices & Data | Human Development Reports", "IFES Election Guide – Elections: Qatar Referendum Apr 29 2003", "Tiny Kingdom's Huge Role in Libya Draws Concern", "Qatar admits sending hundreds of troops to support Libya rebels", "Middle Powers: Squeezed out or Adaptive? Taking only the entire area into consideration, Qatar is the 158th largest country across the globe. It is a member of the Arab League. In 2015, the national handball team emerged as runners-up to France in the World Men's Handball Championship as hosts, however the tournament was marred by numerous controversies regarding the host nation and its team. Orders in 2013 for 62 tanks and 24 self-propelled guns from Germany were followed in 2014 by a number of other contracts, including 24 combat helicopters and 3 early-warning-and-control aircraft from the US, and 2 tanker aircraft from Spain. Al Jazeera initially launched in 1996 as an Arabic news and current affairs satellite TV channel of the same name, but has since expanded into a global network of several speciality TV channels known collectively as the Al Jazeera Media Network. [270], Due to the increasing number of Qataris who began receiving formal education during the 1950s and other significant societal changes, 1970 witnessed the introduction of the first short story anthology, and in 1993 the first locally authored novels were published. Along with Qatar, the Arabian Peninsula is made up of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Kuwait, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This resulted in the maritime Qatari–Bahraini War of 1867–1868, in which Bahraini and Abu Dhabi forces sacked and looted Doha and Al Wakrah. It's a small country, but potent in so many ways. An exception is the Arabian red fox, which can be spotted during the (winter) day. [126][128], Alcohol consumption is partially legal in Qatar; some five-star luxury hotels are allowed to sell alcohol to their non-Muslim customers. Qatar is a country with a small population which is located in the continent/region of Asia. Poetry later fell out of favor after Qatar began reaping the profits from oil exports in the mid-20th century and many Qataris abandoned their Bedouin traditions in favor of more urban lifestyles. Qatar’s wild mammals are hard to spot, most of them being small and nocturnal. [288] However, a FIFA inquiry into the bidding process in November 2014 cleared Qatar of any wrongdoing. [307][308] According to the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities, the top-ranking universities in the country are Qatar University (1,881st worldwide), Texas A&M University at Qatar (3,905th) and Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (6,855th). The contingent of expatriates which are not of South Asian origin represent around 28% of Qatar's population, of which the largest group is 260,000 Filipinos and 200,000 Egyptians, plus many other nationalities (including nationals of other Arab countries, Europeans, etc.).[19]. He resigned as kaymakam and stopped paying taxes in August 1892. Further phases of North Field gas development costing billions of dollars are in various stages of planning and development. [244] Most Qatari citizens belong to the Salafi Muslim movement of Wahhabism,[245][246][247] and between 5–15% of Muslims in Qatar follow Shia Islam with other Muslims sects being very small in number. While Abdullah agreed not to enter into any relations with any other power without prior consent of the British government, the latter guaranteed the protection of Qatar from aggression by sea and provide its 'good offices' in the event of an attack by land – this latter undertaking was left deliberately vague. [72] The negotiations were the first stage in the development of Qatar as a sheikhdom. [78] Although Qatar did not gain full independence from the Ottoman Empire, the result of the battle forced a treaty that would later form the basis of Qatar's emerging as an autonomous country within the empire. However, the construction work in country was expected to only take the available 37,000 hotel rooms to 70,000 by the end of 2021. Therefore, fluctuations in the country's population are erratic and high spikes in population are common. [226][227], The country has no taxes on non-companies,[228] but authorities have announced plans to levy taxes on junk food and luxury items. Destination Qatar, officially the State of Qatar, an independent emirate (an Arabic Islamic monarchy) in the Gulf Region. [74], Under military and political pressure from the governor of the Ottoman Vilayet of Baghdad, Midhat Pasha, the ruling Al Thani tribe submitted to Ottoman rule in 1871. It was officially opened in September 2017, and is expected to become fully operational by 2020. According to the study published by the Washington-based Institute of International Finance, Qatar's per capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) was $106,000 (QR387,000) in 2012, helping the country retain its ranking as the world's wealthiest nation. Islamist MP and Muslim Brotherhood's presidential candidate", "Egypt's Ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi Has Died", "Egypt Returns $2 Billion to Qatar in Sign of Growing Tensions", "Hamas political leaders leave Syria for Egypt and Qatar", "Gaza conflict spotlights role of Qatar, the Hamas-funding U.S. ally", "Al Attiyah to CNN: Israel doesn't want peace", "Qatar pledges $1 billion for Gaza rebuilding at Cairo conference", "Enriching the Middle East's Economic Future Conferences", "Sudan Minister Lauds Doha Declaration For Initiating Darfur Peace Process", "Six nations cut diplomatic ties to Qatar as Arab rift deepens", "Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and Bahrain break diplomatic ties with Qatar over 'terrorism, "Yemen cuts diplomatic ties with Qatar: state news agency", "To 'make Qatar an island' Saudi Arabia plans to dig canal along border: Report | Free Press Kashmir", "Saudi Arabia moves ahead with Salwa canal plan", "Saudi Arabia sets bidding deadline for Salwa Canal that will make Qatar island", "Saudi Arabia is building a canal to turn Qatar into an island", "Jordan appoints new ambassador to Qatar, two years after downgrading ties", "Military expenditure by country as percentage of gross domestic product, 2003–2016", "The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database", "The Strange Power of Qatar by Hugh Eakin", "Trends in International Arms Transfer, 2014", "TIV of arms imports to the top 50 largest importers, 2016-2016", "Saudi Arabia uses terrorism as an excuse for human rights abuses", "Airstrike Hits Doctors Without Borders Hospital in Yemen", "Yemen conflict: MSF hospital destroyed by air strikes", "The UN Committee against Torture: Human Rights Monitoring and the Legal Recognition of Cruelty", "LGBT relationships are illegal in 74 countries, research finds", "International unions warn Qatar's work visa system allows employers to use forced labour", "Qatar government admits almost 1,000 fatalities among migrants", "Qatar to allow trade union, scrap 'sponsor' system", "Qatar Announces New Labour Law Reforms Amid Workers' Rights Outcry", "Firms in Qatar who fail to pay workers on time could face suspensions", "Qatar's Emir signs into law kafala changes (updated)", "Qatar: New reforms Won't Protect Migrant Workers", "Qatar complicit in 'modern slavery' despite reforms – unions", "Which Countries Are For or Against China's Xinjiang Policies? English is commonly used as a second language,[256] and a rising lingua franca, especially in commerce, to the extent that steps are being taken to try to preserve Arabic from English's encroachment. [258] Reflecting the multicultural make-up of the country, many other languages are also spoken, including Persian, Baluchi, Brahui, Hindi, Malayalam, Urdu, Pashto, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Nepali, Sinhalese, Bengali, Tagalog, and Indonesian. [250], The Christian population is composed almost entirely of foreigners. Men were warned against wearing only shorts and singlets. [59], Much of Eastern Arabia was controlled by the Usfurids in 1253, but control of the region was seized by the prince of Ormus in 1320. [224] Due to billions of dollars in surpluses from the oil and gas industry, the Qatari government has directed investments into United States, Europe, and Asia Pacific. [142] It has allowed American and British forces to use an air base to send supplies to Iraq and Afghanistan. [234], Qatar Airways is one of the largest airlines in the world that serves in six continents connecting more than 160 destinations every day. These revenues were used to fund the expansion and modernisation of Qatar's infrastructure. [95] It is also currently a major funder of weapons for rebel groups in the Syrian civil war. [61] In 1515, Manuel I of Portugal vassalised the Kingdom of Ormus. The most recent census of 2018 has found that Qatar has a population of 2,716,008 people. Qatar signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 11 June 1992, and became a party to the convention on 21 August 1996. Moreover, two cruise ships were also reserved as temporary floating accommodations for nearly 40,000 people during the tournament. [232] Capable of handling up to 7.8 million tonnes of products annually, the bulk of trade which passes through the port consists of food and building materials. [163], Qatar has hosted academic, religious, political, and economic conferences. Doha one time Host Asian Volleyball Championship. Qatar is an oil-rich peninsula sharing border with the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia, strategically located near major petroleum deposits. [38], In 1995, Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani seized control of the country from his father Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, with the support of the armed forces and cabinet, as well as neighbouring states[88] and France. "[291] For 2014, Nepalese migrants involved in constructing infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup died at a rate of one every two days. [93][94] In 2011, Qatar joined NATO operations in Libya and reportedly armed Libyan opposition groups. [191] Qatar also announced it would scrap its sponsor system for foreign labour, which requires that all foreign workers be sponsored by local employers. Countries near Qatar include Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. However, with the outbreak World War I, nothing was done to carry this out and the garrison remained in the fort at Doha, although its numbers dwindled as men deserted. [68][69] Upon being made aware of the Egyptian advance on the western frontier in 1811, the Wahhabi amir reduced his garrisons in Bahrain and Zubarah in order to redeploy his troops. [297], The Qatar Army Skydiving Team has several different skydiving disciplines placing among the top nations in the world. [99], Qatar participated in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against the Houthis and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was deposed in the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings.[100]. Since 2009, Qatar Holding has received $30–40bn a year from the state. President Mohamed Morsi via diplomatic support and the state-owned Al Jazeera network until he was overthrown by a military coup d'état in July 2013 following mass protests against his rule. Projections released by the Qatar Statistical Authority indicate that the total population of Qatar could reach 2.8 million by 2020. [253][254][255], Arabic is the official language of Qatar, with Qatari Arabic the local dialect. Qatar's economy was in a downturn from 1982 to 1989. [177][301], The illiteracy rate in Qatar was 3.1% for males and 4.2% for females in 2012, the lowest in the Arab-speaking world, but 86th in the world. [216] It relies heavily on foreign labor to grow its economy, to the extent that migrant workers compose 86% of the population and 94% of the workforce. The United Arab Emirates share a border with Qatar in the southeast, and Saudi Arabia borders the State of Qatar in the southwest. In 1996, the Qatargas project began exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Japan. The Qatari peninsula protrudes 160 kilometres (100 mi) into the Persian Gulf, north of Saudi Arabia. With a fast-expanding population and substantial economic growth over the past decade, a reliable and extensive transportation network is becoming increasingly necessary within Qatar. Hamad International Airport is the international airport of Doha. The peninsula is about 160kms (100 miles) north-south. [282] Shortly after the Qatar Football Association became affiliated with FIFA in 1970, one of the country's earliest international accolades came in 1981 when the Qatar national under-20 team's emerged as runners-up to West Germany in that year's edition of the FIFA World Youth Championship after being defeated 4–0 in the final. [309], In 2008, Qatar established the Qatar Science & Technology Park in Education City to link those universities with industry. In 1949, the appointment of the first British political officer in Doha, John Wilton, signifed a strengthening of Anglo-Qatari relations. Qatar shares borders with two other Asian countries and three bodies of water. Each stage covers a distance of more than 100 km, though the time trial usually is a shorter distance. [212] Qatar pursues a vigorous programme of "Qatarisation", under which all joint venture industries and government departments strive to move Qatari nationals into positions of greater authority. Doha. 7. In April 2013, a Muslim expatriate was sentenced to 40 lashes for alcohol consumption,[121][122][123] and in June 2014, a Muslim expatriate was sentenced to 40 lashes for consuming alcohol and driving under the influence. [146], In 2014, Qatar's relations with Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates came to a boiling point over Qatar's support for the Muslim Brotherhood[88] and reportedly funding extremist groups in Syria. Mehmed's demand that Jassim disbands his troops and pledge his loyalty to the Ottomans was met with refusal. Since 2008, Christians have been allowed to build churches on ground donated by the government,[251] though foreign missionary activity is officially discouraged. Only 313,000 of the population (12%) were Qatari citizens, while the remaining 2.3 million (88%) were expatriates. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}25°30′N 51°15′E / 25.500°N 51.250°E / 25.500; 51.250. [200], Since 2014, Qatar has been divided into eight municipalities (Arabic: baladiyah). [22] Qatar is classified by the UN as a country of very high human development, having the third-highest HDI in the Arab world after United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. [40][41], Kassite Babylonian material dating back to the second millennium BC found in Al Khor Islands attests to trade relations between the inhabitants of Qatar and the Kassites in modern-day Bahrain. The UN Committee Against Torture found that these practices constituted a breach of the obligations imposed by the UN Convention Against Torture. [2], Qatar also has bilateral relationships with a variety of foreign powers. The average level of elevation in Qatar decreases the further north you travel. Apart from the capital city Doha, most other towns are oil-company compounds. Qatar has a seasonal population, which means that significant segments of the population either leave or enter the country on labor contracts depending on the time of year. Qatar is a country in the Middle East that gained independence from Britain in 1971. [306] The Council directs and controls education for all ages from the pre-school level through the university level, including the "Education for a New Era" initiative which was established to try to position Qatar as a leader in education reform. In turn, the Qatari government's spending plans had to be cut to match lower income. However, the bid has been embroiled in much controversy, including allegations of bribery and interference in the investigation of the alleged bribery. Abdul Jalil Al-Tabatabai and Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Uthaymeen, two poets dating back to the early 19th century, formed the corpus of Qatar's earliest written poetry. In 2003, the constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum, with almost 98% in favour. Exploitation and development were, however, delayed by World War II.[83]. Where is Qatar? So far the government, the primary transport developer, has done well in terms of keeping up with the demand for new transportation options. 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