Chestnuts are a wonderful food and not just for squirrels. The growth rate of the horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) is considered to be of medium speed which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. Conker trees will require a position of full sun and planted in a well-drained, but moist, humus-rich soil. Facts about Conker Trees 3: the fruit. Whereas the shell of the sweet chestnut is prickly, with finer points. Facts about Conker Trees 4: the conker. The horse chestnut received it peculiar common name from the mistaken belief that its fruits cured horses of chest complaints. As soon as soil is workable in early spring, dig a 3- to 6-inch-deep hole where you want the chestnut to grow. Aesculus hippocastanum, the horse chestnut, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.It is a large deciduous, synoecious (hermaphroditic-flowered) tree. The word conker is used to call the nut like seed. The scientific name of the horse chestnut tree is Aesculus hippocastanum. It's native to Southeastern Europe but is grown in parks, landscaped areas, and gardens around the world. You need two trees for nut production. PLANT A CONKER It has recently been reported in the news that Conker Trees (Horse Chestnut Trees) are under threat of extinction.This has been caused by moths - their larvae burrow into the leaves which turn them brown and therefore reduce the amount of food the tree can absorb through photosynthesis. Collect a few undamaged chestnuts to seed in a seedbox … Meanwhile, you can grow your own tree … ; Water well and place in a sheltered spot outside. Conkers leaves are greenish, but they are more coarse and large when compared to that of the sweet chestnut tree. The glossy brown seeds of the horse chestnut tree, or aesculus hippocastanum, come encased in a spiky green shell. Is there a specific way to germinate them and make sure they grow correctly? Watch our DIY tree protection video and read more tree care tips. Oct 15, 2017 - This year has been a good year for conkers, as well as most other fruits and nuts, when we visited our local Horse Chestnut trees in October there was an abundance of spikey green shells hanging on tightly in the chilly north easterly wind, we collected about thirty beautiful, shiny brown nuggets that had fallen on the… Chestnut trees require very little care after planting, but to grow the most aesthetically pleasing, nut-producing tree, a little early branch training will be needed. Conkers fall in September and October, depending on where you live. Using only the conkers that sink, plant them about 2cm deep individually in pots of soil/compost, between now and the end of November. Luckily it’s quite easy to tell a chestnut and conker apart. In a study by ANSES on cases of confusion between plants recorded by French poison control centres from 2012 to 2018, confusion of horse chestnuts with sweet chestnuts How fast do Conker trees grow… If you want the conker to grow into a full size tree, you will eventually need to plant it into the ground. When your sapling is ready to plant in the ground, follow our step by step planting guide . How to grow your Horse Chestnut trees Place your conkers in a container of water, discard the ones that float these have dried out. The American Chestnut tree used to be spread over the Eastern United States until a blight wiped them out. A chestnut from a lone tree is unlikely to germinate. The Horse Chestnuts grow in 1 year and make the conker tree. Each conker contains one seed so you will need to gather 8 conkers if you want 4 trees, because not all the seeds that you start will germinate. Despite its common name, horse chestnut isn't closely related to true chestnut trees. Conkers are actuly a seed. The chestnuts grow in a prickly green husk. The conkers ripen in September and October. After cold storage the chestnuts can be planted indoors around February and March. The conker trees also produce fruits. Her little seed grew and grew and now, two years later, we have our very own horse chestnut tree. How fast does horse chestnut tree grow? Back in the day, chestnuts were used as an alternative to starchy food and also used to make flour. Trees can also be affected by bleeding canker, which can lead to their death. Using only the conkers that sink, plant them about 2cm deep individually in pots of soil/compost, between now and the end of November. The flowers of the chestnut tree produce a strong fragrance. The tree itself is a member of the lychee and soapberry family, and grow … You can grow a horse chestnut tree by planting a conker - however you need to make sure that the conker is fresh and hasn’t dried out. If you want to keep it small, keep it in a pot where the restriction of growth to the roots will restrict the growth of the actual tree. It was only in the spring, when a beautiful leaf burst out of the pot, that she remembered what she’d planted. Threats and conservation. Photo 8. Gather twice as many horse chestnut conkers than you think you will need. Only gather conkers that have fallen from trees. Chestnut trees have been cultivated for thousands of years not just for their delicious nuts but also for the multitude of uses. Do I have to pierce a conker and then soak in water and then plant in sand and peat mixture and wait? Strong work is being done on a blight-resistant strain to restore the tree to its previous numbers. It’s time-consuming and requires a number of steps. Many hybrids and pure Chinese trees do poorly if there is a warm period in the middle of winter they may lose their cold resistance and be damaged when the cold weather resumes. Today though, chestnuts are mostly consumed in their raw or toasted form and often used in baking. A grafted chestnut tree in an Australian chestnut orchard. The chestnuts will require a minimum of two to three months of cold before they will germinate. Horse chestnut has been found to be susceptible to fungal diseases. Gather chestnuts from the ground from a tree that has another chestnut tree nearby. Please explain the best way to germinate conkers and how long before I see any results. “When we first planted chestnut trees, we didn’t have the best genetics,” Wahl says. How to Grow Sweet Chestnuts – A Guide to Growing Sweet Chestnuts. As your seeds start to grow, keep them sheltered during winter to protect them from frost. These grafts are the source of all the branches. Much better to buy a grafted bare-rooted tree from a reliable supplier, which should start fruiting much sooner. How do you grow horse chestnut trees from conkers? It is sometimes called horse-chestnut, buckeye, conker tree, or Spanish chestnut. ... Conkers are the seeds from the Horse Chestnut tree, the seeds growing inside capsules, the tree's fruit. The outer shell of the conker has lumpy, pointy bits, like a green sputnik, and is rather thick and coarse. Click to see full answer Also know, can you grow a tree from a chestnut? “We have gradually been removing poor trees and replacing them with better ones.” Soil type is key. Ours is in a pot, for now, and the girls love to add it to their fairy garden like the Faraway Tree. In this early autumn period, horse chestnuts, which grow and fall from the horse chestnut or conker tree, are frequently confused with sweet chestnuts, which come from the sweet or Spanish chestnut tree. You can succeed at growing chestnuts by seed, but you’ll need some patience. Chestnuts have a tendency to rot in compacted soils, so a growing medium with plenty of fibrous materials is a good choice. 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