Traditional dances in Doha are performed on Friday afternoons; one such dance is the Ardah, a stylised martial dance performed by two rows of dancers who are accompanied by an array of percussion instruments, including al-ras (a large drum whose leather is heated by an open fire), tambourines and cymbals with small drums. [58] [144] The cable suggested that Qatar's security service was "hesitant to act against known terrorists out of concern for appearing to be aligned with the U.S. and provoking reprisals". [211], In 2008 Qatar launched its National Vision 2030 which highlights environmental development as one of the four main goals for Qatar over the next two decades. [276] The Gulf Center for Human Rights has stated that the law is a threat to freedom of speech and has called for certain articles of the law to be revoked.[277]. ", "Qatar, China enjoy strong ties based on respect", "Commentary: Isolated Qatar pivots towards China, as its ties with Gulf states wane", "Qatar relies on US base amid Gulf tensions", "For Qatar, relations with West are a balancing act", "Taking Outsize Role in Syria, Qatar Funnels Arms to Rebels", "Qatar and Saudi Arabia sign defense agreement", "Qatar recognizes Libyan rebels after oil deal", "Qatar's Support of Islamists Alienates Allies Near and Far", "GCC's 2014 Crisis: Causes, Issues and Solutions", "CIA and Saudi weapons for Syrian rebels fueled black market arms trafficking, report says", 'Army of Conquest' rebel alliance pressures Syria regime, "Turkey and Saudi Arabia alarm the West by backing Islamist extremists the Americans had bombed in Syria", "Egypt's Mohammed Morsi: A turbulent presidency cut short. Munzir obliged his request, and accordingly, most of the Arab tribes in the region converted to Islam. [224] Due to billions of dollars in surpluses from the oil and gas industry, the Qatari government has directed investments into United States, Europe, and Asia Pacific. Its capital is Doha, led the Muslim conquest of Persia which resulted in the fall of the Sasanian Empire. [35] The term 'Catara' (inhabitants, Cataraei)[36] was exclusively used until the 18th century, after which 'Katara' emerged as the most commonly recognised spelling. Neighbouring countries are: Saudi Arabia. [177] In 2012, it was estimated that Qatar would invest over $120 billion in the energy sector in the next ten years. [212], Before the discovery of oil, the economy of the Qatari region focused on fishing and pearl hunting. [90], In 2003, Qatar served as the US Central Command headquarters and one of the main launching sites of the invasion of Iraq. "[291] For 2014, Nepalese migrants involved in constructing infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup died at a rate of one every two days. [151][154], In Egypt, Qatar supported the first ever democratically elected Islamist [25][26] In the 21st century, Qatar emerged as a significant power in the Arab world both through its globally expanding media group, Al Jazeera Media Network, and reportedly supporting several rebel groups financially during the Arab Spring. In addition, the forum has featured the Middle East Economic Future conference since 2006. With only 54.68 miles of water areas, the remaining 6780.32 square miles are made up of land. The average level of elevation in Qatar decreases the further north you travel. [134] The alcohol ban was later lifted. Mesopotamian artifacts originating from the Ubaid period (c. 6500–3800 BC) have been discovered in abandoned coastal settlements. It has a population of 956,460 (2015). In 2015, the national handball team emerged as runners-up to France in the World Men's Handball Championship as hosts, however the tournament was marred by numerous controversies regarding the host nation and its team. [64], In 1766, members of the Al Khalifa family of the Utub tribal confederation migrated from Kuwait to Zubarah in Qatar. [126][127] Blasphemy can result in up to seven years in prison, while proselytising can incur a 10-year sentence. [93][94] In 2011, Qatar joined NATO operations in Libya and reportedly armed Libyan opposition groups. [207] A total of 142 fungal species have been recorded from Qatar. It’s perfect for either a couple hours’ escape from your transit or casual browsing, dining or people watching. [157][158] Qatar offered Egypt a $7.5 billion loan during the year he was in power. Construction of the port began in 2010; it became operational in December 2016. [285] Local organisers are planning to build 9 new stadiums and expand 3 existing stadiums for this event. [71] After the introduction of the Japanese cultured pearl onto the world market in the 1920s and 1930s, Qatar's pearling industry crashed. [146], In 2014, Qatar's relations with Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates came to a boiling point over Qatar's support for the Muslim Brotherhood[88] and reportedly funding extremist groups in Syria. [33][34] The map also referenced a town named "Cadara" to the east of the peninsula. It occupies a small peninsula itself (Qatar Peninsula) and is surrounded by the waters of the Persian Gulf. ", "Information About Education, Economy, Health, IT and Tourism in Qatar", "Taxes on junk food, luxury items to be rolled out in Qatar soon", "Qatar shows how money can solve most problems", "Qatar's emir officially inaugurates Hamad Port", "Gulf crisis a "blessing in disguise" for Qatar seaport", "Qatar strengthens port facilities, capacity and transport links", "Qatar Airways Business Class Review: Food, Seats, Fare and More", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Though many leave Qatar, there are more people here than ever", "Report on International Religious Freedom – Qatar", "Qatar's modern future rubs up against conservative traditions", "Rising power Qatar stirs unease among some Mideast neighbors", "2011 Report on International Religious Freedom – Qatar", "The Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs", "Christians to Welcome Qatar's First Christian Church", "Battling to Preserve Arabic From English's Onslaught", "Listening instruction and patient safety: Exploring medical English as a lingua franca (MELF) for nursing education", "Le Qatar ne paie pas ses contributions à la francophonie", "Clément Duhaime : "Le Qatar n'a pas tenu ses promesses" à l'OIF -", "Everything you need to know about Qatar National Day 2012", "Art in Qatar: A Smithsonian in the sand", "Qatar revealed as the world's biggest contemporary art buyer", "The Political Trump-Cards of Cultural Potency Qatar's Policy of 'Cultural Grandeur. Abdul Jalil Al-Tabatabai and Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Uthaymeen, two poets dating back to the early 19th century, formed the corpus of Qatar's earliest written poetry. [2], Qatar also has bilateral relationships with a variety of foreign powers. [71] The Bahraini hostilities were in violation of the Perpetual Truce of Peace and Friendship of 1861. In 2010, Qatar won the rights to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup, making it the first country in the Middle East to be selected to host the tournament. worsened longstanding tensions with Saudi Arabia, the country's alleged support of groups they considered to be extremist, Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan,, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, 50th busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs (Qatar), Collecting practices of the Al-Thani Family, Al-Mayassa bint Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Khalifa International Tennis and Squash Complex, FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship, FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship, Carnegie Mellon School of Computer Science, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, Northwestern's Medill School of Journalism, Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts, Webometrics Ranking of World Universities, "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018 – Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "List of left- & right-driving countries – World Standards", Qatar Airways: the Art of Flight Redefined, "How do you say 'Qatar'?

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