Hydrocarbons with the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures. • Structural Isomers — the atoms in each molecule are connected in a different order. The alkane series progresses from there, increasing the length of the carbon chain by one carbon at a time. Saturated oils and waxes are examples of larger alkanes where the number of carbons in the carbon backbone is greater than ten. In branched alkanes, the carbon backbone splits off in one or more directions. L-glutamine, shown below, is an amino acid that is thought to help maintain digestive health. Alkanes with four or more carbon atoms can have more than one arrangement of atoms, so they can form structural isomers. 3. 2._____ contains at least one double bond between carbon atoms. Given the structure of curcumin, what structural feature is NOT present in the molecule? In linear alkanes, the carbon atoms are joined in a snake-like structure. In alkanes, each carbon is sp^3 - view the full answer The carbon atoms can form a single unbranched chain, or the primary chain of carbon atoms can have one or more shorter chains that form branches. _____ contains at least one ring of three or more carbon atoms joined by single bonds. Given the structure of L-glutamine, what structural feature is NOT present in the molecule? For example, two alkanes have the formula C 4 H 10: They are called n-butane and 2-methylpropane (or isobutane), and have the following Lewis structures:. Double bonds between elements are created using p-orbital shells (also called pi orbitals). This means that alkenes can exhibit cis/trans isomerism, where the bulkiest group attached to each carbon atom participating in the double bond can either be on the same side (a cis isomer) or on opposite sides (a trans isomer). These forces can be dipole‐dipole, dipole‐induced dipole, or induced dipole‐induced dipole in nature. Another important feature of a double bond is that it doesn't allow for free rotation.Single covalent bonds can twist and flip, but double bonds are rigid. For example, butane (C 4 H 10) has two possible structures. Branched alkanes normally exhibit lower boiling points than unbranched alkanes of the same carbon content. These alkanes are called straight-chain alkanes because the carbon atoms are connected in one continuous chain with no branches. Structural Features: Alkanes: Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbon having the general formula C_n H_2n + 2 , where n = 1,2 3, etc. Chapter 1 Alkanes 13 25 Isomers • Isomers — compounds having identical molecular formulas, but different arrangements of atoms. In contrast, the structure of alkenes requires that the carbon atoms form a double bond. What structural features help us identify a compound as an alkane, a cycloalkane, an alkene, an alkyne, a saturated hydrocarbon or an aromatic hydrocarbon? _____ is an acryclic hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds. The compounds n-butane and 2-methylpropane are structural isomers (the term constitutional isomers is also commonly used). This occurs because of the greater van der Waals forces that exist between molecules of the unbranched alkanes. 1. amino group. This video explains the structural isomerism in alkane compounds The simplest possible alkane is methane (CH 4). Solution for What structural features help us identify a compound as(a) an alkane, (b) a cycloalkane, (c) an alkene, (d) an alkyne,(e) a saturated hydrocarbon,… Structural formulas for ethane, propane (C 3 H 8), and butane (C 4 H 10) are shown below. Within alkane structure there is free rotation about the carbon-to-carbon single bonds (C–C). 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