At this place [Tepeyac], [the Indians] had a temple dedicated to the mother of the gods, whom they called Tonantzin, which means Our Mother. Sahagún explains that a church of Santa Ana has become a pilgrimage site for Toci (Nahuatl: "our grandmother"). Learning more about Aztec culture, Sahagún grew increasingly skeptical of the depth of the mass conversions in Mexico. His field research activities can be grouped into an earlier period (1558–1561) and a later period (1561–1575). Alternatively, you can take a bus from Santiago de Compostela to Sahagún via Leon in around 8h. Various delays enabled the author to continue revisions and additions for several years. Sahagún's life changed dramatically in 1558 when the new provincial of New Spain, Fray Francisco de Toral, commissioned him to write in Nahuatl about topics he considered useful for the missionary project. [24] He conducted his research at Tepeapulco, approximately 50 miles northeast of Mexico City, near present-day Hidalgo. In the Florentine Codex, Sahagún wrote numerous introductions, addresses "to the reader", and interpolations in which he expresses his own views in Spanish. He recast his project along the lines of the medieval encyclopedias. After five years of waiting it was decided in favor of the author, who was given the help he needed, and the complete Aztec manuscript, with the grammar and dictionary, was finished in 1569. In Sahagún we have the ideal missionary priest and scholar. But in this same section, Sahagún expressed his profound doubt that the Christian evangelization of the Indians would last in New Spain, particularly since the devastating plague of 1576 decimated the indigenous population and tested the survivors. The Florentine Codex also known as Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España is one of the most important sources for the … After the fervor of the early mass conversions in Mexico had subsided, Franciscan missionaries came to realize that they needed a better understanding of indigenous peoples in order effectively to pursue their work. Libros V-IX.--III Libros X-XI. During the first decades of the Spanish conquest of Mesoamerica, many indigenous people converted to Christianity, at least superficially. Show Prices . Though he was primarily devoted to his missionary task, his extraordinary work documenting their worldview and culture has earned him the title as “the first anthropologist. His last years were difficult, because the utopian idealism of the first Franciscans in New Spain was fading while the Spanish colonial project continued as brutal and exploitative. The pro-indigenous approach of the Franciscans and Sahagún became marginalized with passing years. He began his study of Nahuatl while traveling across the Atlantic, learning from indigenous nobles who were returning to the New World from Spain. [44], At the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, Disillusionment with the "spiritual conquest". It was there that he joined the Order of Friars Minor or Franciscans. It seems to me the Catholic Faith can endure little time in these parts...And now, in the time of this plague, having tested the faith of those who come to confess, very few respond properly prior to the confession; thus we can be certain that, though preached to more than fifty years, if they were now left alone, if the Spanish nation were not to intercede, I am certain that in less than fifty years there would be no trace of the preaching which has been done for them. Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 1529. . Other passages clearly reflect a consistent set of questions presented to different informants with the aim of eliciting information on specific topics. Nicholson, "Fray Bernardino De Sahagún: A Spanish Missionary in New Spain, 1529-1590." El Ruedo II Hostal. Missionary and Aztec archeologist, b. at Sahagún, Kingdom of Leon, Spain, in or before the year 1500; d. at Mexico, 23 Oct., 1590. #3 Best Value of 13 places to stay in Sahagun. This "herbal" may have been used to teach indigenous medicine at the college. [14] During this period, Franciscans who affirmed the full humanity and capacity of indigenous people were perceived as suspect by colonial officials and the Dominican Order. Rooms at Hostal La Bastide du Chemin feature rustic décor and come with flat-screen TV and a private bathroom with free toiletries. Il est donc connu comme Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. He learned Nahuatl and spent more than 50 years in the study of Aztec beliefs, culture and history. "[1][2] He also contributed to the description of the Aztec language Nahuatl. Bar/Lounge. Sahagún was a gifted linguist, one of several Franciscans. What companies run services between Santiago de Compostela, Spain and Sahagún, Castille and León, Spain? Sahagún, Bernardino de (c. 1499/1500–1590)Bernardino de Sahagún, a Franciscan missionary, arrived in New Spain in 1529 and began a prolific career of evangelization of the Nahua peoples to Christianity. [16] An "herbal" is a catalog of plants and their uses, including descriptions and their medicinal applications. During this period, the university at Salamanca was strongly influenced by Erasmus, and was a center for Spanish Franciscan intellectual life. Sahagún helped found the first European school of higher education in the Americas, the Colegio Imperial de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco in 1536, in what is now Mexico City. [14] Other friars taught grammar, history, religion, scripture, and philosophy. SAHAGÚN, BERNARDINO DE Franciscan historian, linguist, and ethnologist, considered the precursor of modern cultural anthropology and father of American ethnology; b. There he spent two years interviewing approximately a dozen village elders in Nahuatl, assisted by native graduates of the college at Tlatelolco. They being come together, I set before them what I proposed to do, and prayed them to appoint me able and experienced persons with whom I might converse and come to an understanding on such questions as I might propose. Bernardino de Sahagún (1499 – October 23, 1590) was a Franciscan friar, missionary priest and pioneering ethnographer who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain (now Mexico).Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 1529.He learned Nahuatl and spent more than 50 years in the study of Aztec beliefs, culture and history. [ 27 ] [ 2 ] he would spend the next 61 years there of the Spanish conquest of,! 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