by : civilwar150th August 28, 2011. share. They swung around the Cape on 27 August and anchored near the inlet, in full view of the defenders there. Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries: Amazon.es: Russell Jesse: Libros en idiomas extranjeros Selecciona Tus Preferencias de Cookies Utilizamos cookies y herramientas similares para mejorar tu experiencia de compra, prestar nuestros servicios, entender cómo los utilizas para … " Reasoning that he would be blamed if anything went wrong, he decided to follow his own plans. The War and Navy Departments had already decided to retain possession of the inlet, which would be used as the entry point of an amphibious expedition against the North Carolina mainland early the next year. Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). , Coordinates: 35°11′11″N 75°45′52″W / 35.1864°N 75.7645°W / 35.1864; -75.7645, Their reports also contained a statement that is easily overlooked: "These plans may undergo some modification in the hands of the person to whom their execution shall be intrusted. August 28-29, 1861: Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries About 11:00 a.m., USS Susquehanna "made her number" and joined in. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. On August 28-29, the two Union officers succeeded in capturing the fort during the Battle of Hatteras Inlets Batteries. He ordered Commander H. S. Stellwagen to go to the Chesapeake Bay to buy some suitable old hulks. Soon after he received the board's report, Secretary Welles began to implement its recommendation. Overall, Confederate casualties amounted to 1,235 while Union casualties added up to 1,095. With several field pieces that they had managed to wrestle ashore through the surf, they could reasonably well defend themselves against a Confederate counterattack, but they were too weak to mount an attack on Fort Hatteras. Learn how and when to remove this template message, 99th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, "National Park Service, The American Civil War", "The Civil War expedition no one knows about", "1861 September 4: Account of the Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Hatteras_Inlet_Batteries&oldid=994026415, Battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, Union victories of the American Civil War, Battles of the American Civil War in North Carolina, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2014, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Detachments of sailors and marines from the fleet, 17th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, – Col. William F. Martin, Unspecified naval volunteers, including Flag Officer, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 19:26. The Union retained both forts, providing valuable access to the sounds, and commerce raiding was much reduced. With him went seven ships, the USS Minnesota, Cumberland, Susquehanna, Wabash, Pawnee, Monticello, and Harriet Lane. On the 28th, while the navy bombarded Forts Clark and Hatteras, Union troops came ashore and attacked the rear of the Confederate batteries. Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries From The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies , prepared under the direction of the Secretary of War, by Bvt. The battle came to a close, and the survivors went into prisoner-of-war camps. The victory was welcomed by a demoralised Northern public after the humiliation of 1st Bull Run. Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). Colonel William F. Martin of the 7th North Carolina Infantry, commanding at Forts Hatteras and Clark, knew that his 580 or so men would need help, so he called for reinforcements from Forts Ocracoke and Oregon. The fleet initially kept in motion, but they soon found that they were out of range of the guns in the fort. Since the Navy could not do it alone, the cooperation of the Army would be needed. Stringham kept his ships moving in a loop, with Wabash towing Cumberland.  Stringham and his captains then turned their attention to Fort Hatteras. In time, he would become the most important person in the expedition. August 28-29, 1861: Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries Casualties: 773 3 Union 770 Confederate. The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries (August 28–29, 1861) was the first combined operation of the Union Army and Navy in the American Civil War, resulting in Union domination of the strategically important North Carolina Sounds. After the fall of Fort Sumter and North Carolina’s secession from the Union, North Carolina rushed to build forts along the coast line. Col. Robert N. Scott, Third U. S. Artillery, and published pursuant to act of Congress approved June 16, 1880 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1882). Reinforcements, if needed, would have to come from as far away as Beaufort. Try. The forts were not very strong; Fort Hatteras had only ten guns mounted by the end of August, with another five guns in the fort but not mounted. Sitemap. , The depredations on Northern commerce emanating from Hatteras Inlet could not pass unnoticed. The return fire from Fort Clark was ineffectual, either falling short or passing overhead, and no hits were made on the bombarding ships.  He also included in his force the armed steam tug Fanny, needed to tow some of the surf boats that would be used for the landing.. Col. Robert N. Scott, Third U. S. Artillery, and published pursuant to act of Congress approved June 16, 1880 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1882). Sometime after dark, reinforcements began to arrive at the fort. They were allowed virtually free access to the forts, and made mental notes of everything. He sent Monticello into the inlet to sound it out, but then the fort came again to life. Although held up by bad weather, the fleet was able to land troops under General Ben Butler, who took the surrender of Flag Officer Samuel Barron. Watchers stationed at the Hatteras lighthouse would then signal a raider, which would dash out and make a capture, often being able to return the same day.. Led by Major General Benjamin Butler and Flag-Officer Silas Stringham of the Union forces, they opened the offensive on August 26, 1981 at Fort Clark and Fort Hatteras. Hatteras Inlet Batteries – August 28-29, 1861 – Also called the Battle of Fort Clark and Battle of Fort Hatteras, this battle took place in Dare County on August 28-29, 1861. The Union army lost 194 killed, 1,112 wounded, and 221 missing, for a total of 1,527 casualties. Hatteras Inlet was the most important of these, so it was given two forts, named Fort Hatteras and Fort Clark Fort Hatteras was sited adjacent to the inlet, on the sound side of Hatteras Island. There was nothing the men in the forts could do except endure. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. The inlet today is approximately two miles across, but this distance changes daily because of the convection of brackish water.No bridge crosses Hatteras Inlet. On August 28-29, the two Union officers succeeded in capturing the fort during the Battle of Hatteras Inlets Batteries.  The men were put aboard two of the vessels that Commander Stellwagen had purchased, Adelaide and George Peabody. After about three hours, Barron called a council of the officers, and they decided to seek terms, even though casualties had been quite light. The Fleet Attacks Hatteras: Today the North began an attack on the Confederate Forts at Hatteras Inlet. Stringham opposed the plan to block the inlets from the beginning. Books Hello, Sign in. The ship grounded while trying to extricate herself, and in this condition she was struck by five shots. Fortunately, some of the troops were able to get the attention of the gunners on the ships by waving a large American flag, and the bombardment stopped with no further harm done. Fewer than a thousand men garrisoned Forts Ocracoke, Hatteras, Clark, and Oregon. July 21, 1861: First Battle of Bull Run/First Battle of Manassas 4,878 casualties: 2,896 Union and 1,982 Confederate Result: Confederate victory. This battle represented the first application of the naval blockading strategy. Meanwhile, the landings were not going well. It was during this interval of confusion that the landing force suffered its only casualty, one of the soldiers being seriously wounded in the hand by a shell fragment. It was during this interval of confusion that the landing force suffered its only casualty, one of the soldiers being seriously wounded in the hand by a shell fragment. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1866. History: The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries, part of the Union Navy's Blockade of the Carolina Coast from August to December 1861, was the initial Union sea and land assault against the North Carolina coast. On August 26, an amphibious expedition led by Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler and Flag-Officer Silas Stringham, embarked from Fort Monroe to capture Hatteras Inlet, an important haven for blockade-runners. , Strangely, the military authorities in North Carolina did little to keep the poor state of their defenses secret. 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