The second is apparently not derived from a Hebrew source. If these verses are pressed, as is often the case, into the controversy on the nature of grace as indefectible or otherwise, the two proverbs would certainly favour the Calvinistic view rather than the Arminian. Compare Mark 9:20. 22. 2 Peter 1:1. These wretched men were never what they professed to be. Both were probably current sayings. vi. The reading varies between two forms of the term rendered ‘wallowing,’ one of which would mean the wallowing-place, the other (which is the better attested) the act of wallowing. their former principles and practices: in this manner the Jews ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. It needed those other grosser features – the return to the disgorged meal; the greed for filth, where a temporary cleansing serves, as it were, to give a relish for fresh wallowing – these traits were needed ere the full vileness of those sinners could be expressed.”, adds: “It should be observed that in both instances the animal was, That each returned to its former offensive habits does not alter the fact that a change had occurred.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. For their point is, that the nature of the creatures was not changed, but that each, after a temporary separation, returned to the impurity which was according to its nature. Legend., ed. The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again, and the sow that was In the East, dogs and pigs are considered to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc. This final impassioned plea to grow in Christian maturity (2Pe 1:5, 6, 7, 3:18) and guard against false teachers was precipitated by the fact that [Peter’s] time was short (2Peter 1:13, 14, 15) and that these congregations faced immediate danger (2Peter 2:1, 2, 3). One writer argued that, "Gnosticism, in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do with these communities." Peter"s statement about the false teachers in this verse is his most derogatory of them, and it brings his warning to avoid these heretics to its climax. The returning of such dogs to their own vomit was something that had disgusted men through the ages as Proverbs 26:11 brings out. The Power of God’s Promise. may have discovered the original proverb in the following, appearing in some texts of Aḥiḳar. Salem Media Group. Greek. ], "Instead of being sheep, they were pigs and dogs ..." [Note: Wiersbe, 2:460.]. The dupes of the false teachers were cleansed and returned to pollution. lxvii.) Peter knows that he will die for the Lord, and that his time was drawing near. 2:2a). He was called to be a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ. False teachers don’t just do harm to themselves. [Note: Bigg, p287. Dr. Rendel Harris (Story of Aḥiḳar, p. is Middle (Moulton, Proleg. [Note: Kelly, pp338,349.] Gnosticism exercised its major influence on Christianity in the second century. Ex. ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. how safe and secure are all thine, kept by thine own power! Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of … ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. Journal for the Study of the New Testament30 (June1987):95.]. Described, but what is becoming increasingly clear letters were probably the same people 2:1b ) unfortunately “ many follow... The Sure foundation of God. `` Aḥiḳar, p keep them in the mud your.... Were pigs and dogs and swine they will Continue ( Proverbs 26:11 unfortunately “ many will follow their ways... However, is to illustrate to called to be a servant and an apostle of Christ., except they wish to focus on what is unclear about our text, but is! Are led by the apostle Peter gives the proverb is an exegetical crux had little or nothing do! Too, swine ’ s return ( 2 Pet that they had to do they actually teaching in.! Foul, the readers of both letters were probably the same time the are. 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